Yellow-crowned Parrot / Amazona ochrocephala

Yellow-crowned Parrot / Amazona ochrocephala

Yellow-crowned Parrot

SCI Name:  Amazona ochrocephala
Protonym:  Psittacus ochrocephalus Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.339
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  ywcpar
Type Locality:  South America, restricted to Venezuela by Berlepsch and Hartert, Nov. Zool., 9, 1902, p. 109.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AMAZONA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Southern Mealy Amazon A. farinosa) French name “Amazone” given to various tropical American parrots by de Buffon 1770-1783, because they came from the Amazonian rainforests. The Amazon was probably first seen in 1500 by the Spanish commander Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, but real exploration of the river came with the voyage of Francisco de Orellana in 1540-1541. His florid tales of female warriors, perhaps based on a misunderstood Tupí word amassona ‘boat destroyer’, gave the river its name; "VII.e Sous-genre. AMAZONE; Amazona.  Bec robuste, très-crochu, épais; à arête rubanée ou formant une dépression aplatie, étroite, qui suit la courbure du bec, les côtés renflés, les bords festonnés; la mandibule inférieure échancrée en avant; narines arrondies, très-ouvertes dans la cire et à rebord saillant; ailes s'étendant jusqu'au tiers de la queue; les tarses très-courts, réticulés, robustes.   26. AMAZONE MEUNIER; Amazona pulverulenta: Psittacus pulverulentus, Gm.; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 92.  ...  plumage vert pruineux et à teint glauque   ...   27. AMAZONE A FRANGES; Amazona Levaillantii: Psittacus Levaillantii, Lath.; Psittacus infuscatus, Shaw.   ...   28. AMAZONE DUFRESNE; Amazona Dufresniana: Psittacus Dufresnianus, Shaw (?); Levaill., pl. 91.   ...   29. AMAZONE A TÊTE JAUNE; Amazona icterocephala: Psittacus ocrocephalus Gm.; Buff., Enl., 312 et 313; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 98." (Lesson 1830); "Amazona Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 3, 1830, p. 189. Type, by subsequent designation, C. farinosa = Psittacus farinosus Boddaert (Salvadori, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 20, 1891, p. 268)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 216).
Synon. Androglossa, Chrysotis, Oenochrus.

amazona
Mod. L. Amazonus Amazonian, of Amazonia.
● ex “Amazonian Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Chloroceryle).

ochrocephala / ochrocephalus
Gr. ωχρος ōkhros pale-yellow; -κεφαλος -kephalos -headed < κεφαλη kephalē head.
● ex “Perroquet Amazone du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, “Amazone à tête jaune” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Yellow-headed Amazons Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Amazona).
● ex “Yellow-headed Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (Mohoua).
● ex “Yellow-crowned Thrush” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1783 (syn. Trachycomus zeylanicus).

SUBSPECIES

Yellow-crowned Parrot (panamensis)
SCI Name: Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
panama / panamense / panamensis
Panama (said to be the name of a fishing village meaning "plenty of fish").

Yellow-crowned Parrot (ochrocephala)
SCI Name: Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
ochrocephala / ochrocephalus
Gr. ωχρος ōkhros pale-yellow; -κεφαλος -kephalos -headed < κεφαλη kephalē head.
● ex “Perroquet Amazone du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, “Amazone à tête jaune” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Yellow-headed Amazons Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Amazona).
● ex “Yellow-headed Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (Mohoua).
● ex “Yellow-crowned Thrush” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1783 (syn. Trachycomus zeylanicus).

Yellow-crowned Parrot (xantholaema)
SCI Name: Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
xantholaema / xantholaemus
Gr. ξανθος xanthos  yellow, golden-yellow; λαιμος laimos  throat.

Yellow-crowned Parrot (nattereri)
SCI Name: Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
natterei / nattereri / nattererii / natterii
Dr Johann Natterer (1787-1843) Austrian zoologist, collector, resident in Brazil 1817-1835 (subsp. Amazona ochrocephala, Anthus, subsp. Attila bolivianus, syn. Augastes scutatus, syn. Certhia brachydactyla, subsp. Colaptes melanochloros, Cotinga, Hylopezus, Lepidothrix, subsp. Loriotus cristatus (?x), Lurocalis, subsp. Momotus momota, subsp. Nonnula ruficapilla, Phaethornis, syn. Phylloscopus bonellii, Pipile, subsp. Platyrinchus platyrhynchos, syn. Poecilotriccus latirostris ochropterus, subsp. Rupornis magnirostris, Selenidera, syn. Tinamus solitarius, syn. Tityra inquisitor).